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Primary Reading Strategies

Trophies Primary Level
Reading Strategies

1. Use Decoding/Phonics.  When you come to a word you don't know, look at the letters carefully and and think about the sounds they stand for.  Remember two letters together often make the same sound in different words.  Try to sound out the words using the phonics rules you already know.

2.  Look at Word Bits and PartsWhen you see a word you don't know, look for the parts of words you already know.  Then try to put the parts together.

3.  Self-CorrectSometimes you need to change the way you read something so that it makes sense.

4.  Read Ahead.  When you get to a word you tried to sound out but still don't know, try reading ahead.  Sometimes the words will make sense when you read the whole sentence or paragraph.

5. Read AloudSometimes you can figure out a tricky word when you reread out loud the sentences that are before the word.

6.  Make and Confirm PredictionsThink about what might happen next.  Read to find out whether you were right.  Make new predictions as you read.

7. Sequence Events/SummarizeThink about the order in which things happen.  When you finish reading, see if you can tell about the main things that happened.

8.  Create Mental ImagesAs you read, picture in your mind what is happening.  This can help you understand and enjoy the story.

9.  Use Context to Confirm MeaningWhen you come to a word you are not sure of, look at the words before and after it.  Check to see if what you read makes sense.  Look for clues to the word's meaning.

10.  Make Inferences.  An author doesn't tell everything.  Often the author shows things and lets the reader decide what they mean.  As you read, look for clues that help you figure out what the words don't say.

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