Heat Energy & Transfer Vocabulary List
- Heat- the flow of thermal energy from one object to another. Heat always moves from warmer objects to cooler objects.
- Conduction- the transfer of energy between two objects that are touching (p. 532) Example: The metal pan gets hot because it is touching the burner.
- Convection- the transfer of energy by flowing gases or liquid, such as rising of warm air from a heater (p. 532) Example: The upstairs in your house is warmer than the downstairs in your house.
- Radiation- the transfer of energy through space (p. 532) Example: Sun’s energy is transferred through space by radiation.
- Insulators- do not transfer heat very well. Example: Fat is an insulator that mammals have to keep their body warm. Wool mittens are insulators for your hands.
- Conductors- transfer heat easily. Example: A copper kettle is a good conductor for hot liquids.
- Thermometer- a tool used to measure temperature using Fahrenheit or Celsius.