Living Things Animals Study Guide
Directions: Fill in the blank for each topic on the study guide. You may use your textbook, science binder with hand outs, previous quizzes, class notes, and class experiment data sheets- anything we have done in class that you have kept- to help you on the study guide.
- Make sure you know the definitions for the following words:
- Cell- the smallest unit of all living matter.
- Organism-a living thing that carries out 5 basic life functions.
- Vertebrate- an animal with a backbone. Ex. human, bird, fish.
- Invertebrate- an animal without a backbone. Ex. sponge, mollusk(snail), jellyfish, worm.
- Exoskeleton- hard covering that protects the body of some invertebrates. Ex. crab, spider, shrimp.
- Life cycle- stages an organism goes through beginning with egg and ending in death.
- Offspring- children of living organisms. Ex. You are the offspring of your parents.
- Molt- when an organism sheds it’s outer covering. Ex. crab, snake, etc…
- Metamorphosis- a series of changing body forms during an animal’s development. Ex. the stages a butterfly goes through.
- Heredity- traits are passed down from a parent to a child. Ex. passing down the same color eyes or hair.
- Mimicry- an adaptation in which one animal looks like another animal in order to protect itself from predators. Ex. honeybee and hover fly.
- Camouflage- an adaptation in which an animal can hide by blending in with its environment. Ex. spotted leopard sitting on brown rock.
- Hibernate- to rest or sleep through the cold winter. Ex. bear, door mouse.
- Migrate- to move from one place to another. Ex. birds flying south for the winter.
- Habitat- the home of any organism. Ex. a pond is a habitat for fish, frogs, plants, etc…
- Predator- carnivore that hunts for food. Ex. Eagle
- Prey- the organism that is being hunted and eaten. Ex. mouse
- Name four characteristics for each of the following 5 Groups of Vertebrates:
Mammal- warm blooded, hair/fur, gives live birth, feeds milk to young.
Reptile- cold blooded, dry, rough, scaly skin, lay tough, leathery eggs, lungs for breathing.
Bird- warm blooded, feathers and beaks, hollow bones, lay hard shelled eggs.
Amphibian- cold blooded, spend part of life in water part on land, soft, moist skin, lay eggs in or near water.
Fish- cold blooded, covered in scales, breathe using gills, lay a group of slimy eggs in water.
3. Describe the term instinctive (inherited) behavior: the organism was born knowing how to do this behavior.
- Give three examples of instinctive behaviors: blinking, crying, and breathing.
5. Describe the term learned behavior: a behavior that the organism learns how to do, they were not born with it.
6. Give three examples of learned behaviors: walking, talking, crawling, and reading.
- What are the six biomes of the world? Give two characteristics of each biome:
- Desert- sandy, very hot days, cool nights
- Grassland- tall grasses, very few trees
- Tundra- very cold most all of the time, ice and snow
- Deciduous Forest- warm summer and cold winter, leaves change colors and fall off the trees in autumn
- Taiga- mostly evergreen trees (bear cones and have needles), cold, long winters, short, cool summers
- Tropical Rainforest- wet year around, warm year around
- What are the names of the six kingdoms of living organisms (use your flip chart that we made in class to help you): Smallest and least complicated, fewest cells- Ancient bacteria, bacteria, protist, fungi, plants, and animals- largest, and most complicated, most cells.
- What are the four basic needs of all animals? Food, water, shelter, and oxygen.
10. Carnivores are meat eaters. The following are examples of animals that are carnivores: lion (any cat), birds of prey (eagle, falcon, hawk, and owl), snake.
11. Herbivores are plant eaters. The following are examples of animals that are herbivores: porcupine, deer, and rabbit
12. Omnivores are meat and plant eaters. The following are examples of animals that are omnivores: human, bear, raccoon, skunk
13. Adaptations are: behaviors or body parts that help an organism survive in its environment.
14. The following are adaptations for an Owl:
- Flying helps them swoop down and catch prey.
- Sharp claws to snatch up prey; even in tall grass.
- Curved, sharp beak to ripping and tearing food.
- Keen eyesight because owls are nocturnal and must be able to see their prey at night in the dark.
- Draw an example of a food chain that we discussed in class. Make sure it begins with a producer at the bottom and the arrows point up.
Carnivore- Blue Heron, Human
Carnivore- Sunfish, Bass, Catfish
Herbivore- Small fish or mollusk (snail) or mayfly
Producer (plant) – Algae
16. Five Basic Life Functions are:
If something is a living organism, it must do ALL of the following-
1. Eat food to get energy
3. Get rid of waste
5. React to changes in its environment