Text Options for the Visually Impaired Font Size: a- A+ Color: A A A Revert 
Close vision bar
Open vision bar
background color blue with clouds
Living Organisms Vocabulary Study Guide 1B

Living Organisms                                          Vocabulary List Unit 1B

 

Make sure you know the definitions for the following words: 

 

QUIZ WILL BE ON OCTOBER 3, 2014

 

  • Cell- the smallest unit of all living matter.
  • Organism-a living thing that carries out 5 basic life functions.
  • Vertebrate- an animal with a backbone. Ex.  human, bird, fish.
  • Invertebrate- an animal without a backbone. Ex. sponge, mollusk (snail), jellyfish, worm.
  • Exoskeleton- hard covering that protects the body of some invertebrates. Ex. crab, spider, shrimp.
  • Life cycle- stages an organism goes through beginning with egg and ending in death.
  • Offspring- children of living organisms.  Ex. You are the offspring of your parents.
  • Molt- when an organism sheds it’s outer covering. Ex. crab, snake, etc…
  • Metamorphosis- a series of changing body forms during an animal’s development. Ex. the stages a butterfly goes through.
  • Heredity- traits are passed down from a parent to a child. Ex. passing down the same color eyes or hair.
  • Mimicry- an adaptation in which one animal looks like another animal in order to protect itself from predators. Ex.  honeybee and hover fly.
  • Camouflage- an adaptation in which an animal can hide by blending in with its environment. Ex. spotted leopard sitting on brown rock.
  • Hibernate- to rest or sleep through the cold winter. Ex. bear, door mouse.
  • Migrate- to move from one place to another. Ex. birds flying south for the winter.
  • Habitat- the home of any organism. Ex. a pond is a habitat for fish, frogs, plants, etc…
  • Predator- carnivore that hunts for food. Ex.  Eagle
  • Prey- the organism that is being hunted and eaten. Ex. Mouse
  • External- on the outside of the body of a living organism
  • Internal- on the inside of the body of a living organism
  • Benefit (beneficial)- helpful; helps the organism or the environment
  • Harm (harmful)- hurtful; hurts the organism or the environment