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ELA 6th Grade Vocabulary List 1 & 2

acquire
to learn or develop new knowledge or skills
affix
a word element, such as a prefix (e.g., pre, un) or suffix (e.g., ed, ing), added to a root word
analysis (analyze)
a method of idea development in which the reader, speaker, or writer breaks apart a topic to examine its parts and the relationship of the parts to reach new conclusions about the whole
assess
to examine in order to evaluate
audience
the specific readers for whom a piece of writing is intended; the people who listen to or read text
causally
description of a topic and the possible reason(s) that it occurred
central idea
the most important point the text says about the topic
chapter
a previously divided section of a text
cite (citation)
to identify the source of information
claim
to state, without proof or evidence, that something is true (e.g., Most high school students don't go to college.)
clarify
to make clear in order to be understood
coherent
logical, well organized and easy to understand
coherent writing
writing that is logical, well organized and easy to understand
collaborative conversations
discussions that occur among people in which they create a mutually agreed upon outcome
collegial discussions
conversations that occur among colleagues with a common purpose and proposed guidelines (e.g., defined purpose, roles)
command of the conventions
demonstrates through speaking/writing the commonly accepted rules for writing and speaking English
comparatively
how a text presents information by examining similarities and/or differences
compare
to examine similarities (and/or differences)
concluding statement or section
final sentence(s) in a piece of text that restate(s) the main idea in a new way
concrete details
precise descriptions using specific information that relates to what can be seen, heard, felt, smelled, tasted (e.g., The apple red paint shone in the bright sunlight.)
conduct
control the course of an activity
connotative meaning
associated meaning of a word or expression (e.g., Home is a place of warmth and comfort.)
context
the circumstances in which an event occurs; setting
contrast
to examine differences
credible sources
information gathered from reliable authors and publishers (e.g., Encyclopedia Britannica, Time magazine)
delineate
to describe or explain something in detail
demonstrate
to show clearly
describe
to use words, figures or pictures to develop mental pictures
descriptive details
words used that provide specific information about the event (e.g., tall blonde girl)
details
specific information in a text that support the main idea
determine
to come to a decision by reasoning or investigation                                           
dialogue
conversation between two or more persons; used to show what a character is thinking/ feeling
digital text
words available in an electronic form
discipline-specific
pertaining to a certain subject such as science, social studies, etc.
distinguish
to recognize differences
diverse media
various kinds of information sources such as video, audio, animation, etc.
diverse partners
varying views and perspectives
domain
a certain area of study within a subject
domain-specific
pertaining to a certain area of study within a subject
drama
a serious narrative work
draw
to take or pull out information
draw(ing)
to take or pull out information
elaborated
expressed in greater length or detail (e.g., Another example would be…)
elaboration
expressed in greater length or detail; developed thoroughly
evaluate
to examine something in order to determine its importance
events
something important that happens in the text
explain
make clear by giving details about something (e.g., One way the character solved the problem was…)
explicitly
stated or described clearly and in detail
fantasy stories
literary text that contains make-believe elements such as talking animals, magical powers, etc.
figurative language/meaning
an expression or description that does not mean exactly what it says; can include metaphors, similes, personification, hyperbole
formal English
standard English using vocabulary and grammar free of idiomatic, slang, or specialized use
formal style
a type of writing used in the business or academic settings and follows protocol (e.g., generally written in third person, longer more complex sentences, avoids contractions, etc.)
gather
compile information from various sources
genre
the type of text or particular kind of writing (e.g., realistic fiction, biography, informational)
grammar
the rules and guidelines of a language used to be correct in writing and speaking
historical account
a chronological record of events
historical novel
literary text that recreates a period or event in history
identify
to find important details
inference
a conclusion based on author's information in the text and prior or background knowledge
inquiry
seeking information by asking questions
integrate
to make into a whole by bringing all parts together
interpret
to explain the meaning of something (e.g., An example of this is…)
loaded language
wording that attempts to influence the listener by appealing to emotion (e.g., the use of "investment in public service" rather than "public spending")
logical(ly)
use of valid reasoning and connection between ideas                                
 
 

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